An examination of the purpose of philosophy

In this post I discuss the importance of reflecting deeply on the big questions in learning and education, along with an examination of the dominant views of our time. Aristotle thinks of the good person as someone who is good at deliberation, and he describes deliberation as a process of rational inquiry.

Its systematic procedure is used to examine a text through questions and answers founded on the beliefs that all new knowledge is connected to prior knowledge, that all thinking comes from asking questions, and that asking one question should lead to asking further questions. Because we see knowledge as something that teachers have and students have to get, we view it as being possessed by individuals.

Graduate Program: Philosophy (PHD)

For when we know how to benefit a friend for his sake, we exercise the ethical virtues, and this is precisely what our happiness consists in. Such people are not virtuous, although they generally do what a virtuous person does. It should be evident that Aristotle's treatment of virtues as mean states endorses the idea that we should sometimes have strong feelings—when such feelings are called for by our situation.

Anger is a pathos whether it is weak or strong; so too is the appetite for bodily pleasures. By contrast, anger always moves us by presenting itself as a bit of general, although hasty, reasoning.

Crito 52e This may be a better argument; only the second premise seems open to question. To become a candidate for the doctorate, written and oral examinations must be passed by the student in a major and minor field minors other than philosophy may not require a written examination.

There would be no way to work towards a goal because there would be no way to pick between a limitless number of goals. This feature of ethical theory is not unique; Aristotle thinks it applies to many crafts, such as medicine and navigation a7— To say that there is something better even than ethical activity, and that ethical activity promotes this higher goal, is entirely compatible with everything else that we find in the Ethics.

The impetuous person is someone who acts emotionally and fails to deliberate not just once or twice but with some frequency; he makes this error more than most people do.

For this purpose, the student in consultation with the Director of Graduate Studies should assemble a committee of four faculty members: In both the akratic and the enkratic, it competes with reason for control over action; even when reason wins, it faces the difficult task of having to struggle with an internal rival.

This claim was known by the anecdote of the Delphic oracular pronouncement that Socrates was the wisest of all men. He needs to discuss honor, wealth, pleasure, and friendship in order to show how these goods, properly understood, can be seen as resources that serve the higher goal of virtuous activity.

She observes, rightly, that German military successes were not just a matter of strategy and material, but also spirit and men.

Any flaw in our ethics will reduce our ability to be successful in our endeavors. If, for example, one is trying to decide how much to spend on a wedding present, one is looking for an amount that is neither excessive nor deficient.

Perhaps the worry about personal or cosmic extinction of life may lie in the fact that natural selection has made us forward planners, not backward contemplators.

He vindicates the centrality of virtue in a well-lived life by showing that in the normal course of things a virtuous person will not live a life devoid of friends, honor, wealth, pleasure, and the like. As of this moment though, here are three things I believe a good educational system should do: Once we see that temperance, courage, and other generally recognized characteristics are mean states, we are in a position to generalize and to identify other mean states as virtues, even though they are not qualities for which we have a name.

However, students who have taken the seminar are strongly encouraged to enroll in it every fall semester they remain in residence.

If, however, there is a large gap in their moral development as between a parent and a small child, or between a husband and a wifethen although their relationship may be based on the other person's good character, it will be imperfect precisely because of their inequality.

How could it be otherwise? Ethics What is Ethics? Certain that a Marxist regime, even more so than a monarchist regime, would lead to totalitarian rule, Weil threw her support to anarchist and syndicalist organizations. One elenctic examination can lead to a new, more refined, examination of the concept being considered, in this case it invites an examination of the claim: And that is what educational philosophy is all about.

Why such a restricted audience? The length of this process varies depending on the text used for the discussion. Are these present in Book VI only in order to provide a contrast with practical wisdom, or is Aristotle saying that these too must be components of our goal?

Aristotle's discussion of pleasure thus helps confirm his initial hypothesis that to live our lives well we must focus on one sort of good above all others: But how is one to make this choice? Although he was well known during his own time for his conversational skills and public teaching, Socrates wrote nothing, so we are dependent upon his students especially Xenophon and Plato for any detailed knowledge of his methods and results.

Under this view knowledge is treated as a thing — objectified and disconnected from other forms of knowledge and from the student. Nevertheless the suspicion of use-mention confusion may have something in it.A survey of the history of Western philosophy.

Doctor of Philosophy programs

Plato's description of Socrates's final days continued in the Κριτων ().Now in prison awaiting execution, Socrates displays the same spirit of calm reflection about serious matters that had characterized his life in freedom.

Why You Need a Philosophy of Education I’ve been working on forming my own philosophy of education and feel that this is something more of us need to be thinking about.

In this post I discuss the importance of reflecting deeply on the big questions in learning and education, along with an examination of the dominant views of our time.

Philosophy (PHD) Program Description. Qualifying examination or paper; Comprehensive examination; Dissertation; is a 3 unit non-lecture course for advanced doctoral students in philosophy.

Its purpose is to provide a forum for students to present and discuss their dissertation research. In addition to periodic presentations throughout. Aug 24,  · Remembering Simone Weil: The Price and the Purpose of Philosophy.

By Robert Zaretsky. ended his examination of a patient who had died. The Purpose of Philosophy • 3. the question is put we know in which direction to proceed to try. to obtain the answer. The history of systematic human thought is. Importance of Philosophy: The Concept Chart.

The 5 Branches of Philosophy Metaphysics Ethics is the branch of study dealing with what is the proper course of action for man. This is our ultimate standard of value, the goal in which an ethical man must always aim. It is arrived at by an examination of man's nature, and.

An examination of the purpose of philosophy
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